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Dr. Jeane Kirkpatrick

FDD Board of Directors, Founding Member

Biography:

Dr. Jeane Kirkpatrick served an instrumental role in the founding of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies soon after the al-Qaeda attacks of September 11, 2001 and served on its Board of Directors until her passing in 2006.

In 1981 she became the first woman appointed to serve as Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations. She was also a member of President Ronald Reagan's cabinet and National Security Council from 1981 to 1985, the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board from 1985 until 1990 and the Defense Policy Review Board from 1985 until 1993. Dr. Kirkpatrick chaired the Secretary of Defense’s Commission on Fail Safe and Risk Reduction in 1991 and 1992.

For this and related government service, Dr. Kirkpatrick was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in May 1985, and received her second Department of Defense Distinguished Public Service Medal in December 1992.

Dr. Kirkpatrick’s contributions were celebrated abroad, too. For her work on NATO enlargement, the Czech Republic awarded her the Tomas Garrigue Masaryk Order in 1998. Hungary presented her with the Presidential Gold Medal in 1999, Israel recognized her with the 50th Anniversary Friend of Zion Award in 1998, the Kingdom of Morocco awarded her the Grand Officier Du Wissam Al Alaoui medal in 2000 and the Librarian of the Library of Congress presented her the Living Legends medal in 2000.

Dr. Kirkpatrick received many other awards and decorations over her career including the award of the Commonwealth Fund, the Gold Medal of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, the Hubert H. Humphrey Award of the American Political Science Association, the Christian A. Herter Award of the Boston World Affairs Association, the Morgenthau Award of the American Council on Foreign Policy, the Humanitarian Award of B'nai B'rith, the Defender of Jerusalem Award and many honorary degrees from more than 18 universities.

After her service in the U.S. government, she returned to a previous positions as Leavey Professor of Government at Georgetown University and as Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute.

Dr. Kirkpatrick's published works include Good Intentions, The Withering Away of the Totalitarian State; Legitimacy and Force (2 vols.); The Reagan Phenomenon; Dictatorships & Double Standards; Dismantling the Parties: Reflections on Party Reform and Party Decomposition; The New Presidential Elite; Political Woman; and Leader and Vanguard in Mass Society: A Study of Peronist Argentina.

Dr. Kirkpatrick received an A.B. from Barnard College, M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University, and studied at the Institute de Science Politique in Paris.

Dr. Jeane Kirkpatrick served an instrumental role in the founding of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies soon after the al-Qaeda attacks of September 11, 2001 and served on its Board of Directors until her passing in 2006.

In 1981 she became the first woman appointed to serve as Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations. She was also a member of President Ronald Reagan's cabinet and National Security Council from 1981 to 1985, the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board from 1985 until 1990 and the Defense Policy Review Board from 1985 until 1993. Dr. Kirkpatrick chaired the Secretary of Defense’s Commission on Fail Safe and Risk Reduction in 1991 and 1992.

For this and related government service, Dr. Kirkpatrick was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in May 1985, and received her second Department of Defense Distinguished Public Service Medal in December 1992.

Dr. Kirkpatrick’s contributions were celebrated abroad, too. For her work on NATO enlargement, the Czech Republic awarded her the Tomas Garrigue Masaryk Order in 1998. Hungary presented her with the Presidential Gold Medal in 1999, Israel recognized her with the 50th Anniversary Friend of Zion Award in 1998, the Kingdom of Morocco awarded her the Grand Officier Du Wissam Al Alaoui medal in 2000 and the Librarian of the Library of Congress presented her the Living Legends medal in 2000.

Dr. Kirkpatrick received many other awards and decorations over her career including the award of the Commonwealth Fund, the Gold Medal of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, the Hubert H. Humphrey Award of the American Political Science Association, the Christian A. Herter Award of the Boston World Affairs Association, the Morgenthau Award of the American Council on Foreign Policy, the Humanitarian Award of B'nai B'rith, the Defender of Jerusalem Award and many honorary degrees from more than 18 universities.

After her service in the U.S. government, she returned to a previous positions as Leavey Professor of Government at Georgetown University and as Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute.

Dr. Kirkpatrick's published works include Good Intentions, The Withering Away of the Totalitarian State; Legitimacy and Force (2 vols.); The Reagan Phenomenon; Dictatorships & Double Standards; Dismantling the Parties: Reflections on Party Reform and Party Decomposition; The New Presidential Elite; Political Woman; and Leader and Vanguard in Mass Society: A Study of Peronist Argentina.

Dr. Kirkpatrick received an A.B. from Barnard College, M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University, and studied at the Institute de Science Politique in Paris.