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Olli Heinonen

Senior Advisor on Science and Nonproliferation

Biography:

Former Deputy Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and head of its Department of Safeguards, Dr. Heinonen is a Senior Advisor on Science and Nonproliferation at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

Dr. Heinonen is also a Senior Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. His research and teachings include: nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament, verification of treaty compliance, enhancement of the verification work of international organizations, and transfer and control of peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

Before joining the Belfer Center in September 2010, Dr. Heinonen served 27 years at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna. Heinonen was the Deputy Director General of the IAEA, and head of its Department of Safeguards. Prior to that, he was Director at the Agency’s various Operational Divisions, and as inspector including at the IAEA’s overseas office in Tokyo, Japan.

Prior to joining IAEA, he was a Senior Research Officer at the Technical Research Centre of Finland Reactor Laboratory in charge of research and development related to nuclear waste solidification and disposal.

He is co-author of several patents on radioactive waste solidification. Called on to provide analysis of the most important global nonproliferation challenges, his writings and interviews have be published in various newspapers and magazines including: Foreign Policy, The Wall Street Journal, The Guardian, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Arms Control Today, Der Spiegel, Le Monde, Helsingin Sanomat, The New York Times, Mehr News Agency, Stern, Haaretz, New Statesman, The Washington Post, BBC, and Time. His policy briefings have been published by the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, Belfer Center, Atlantic Council, Nautilus Institute, Institute for Science and International Security, Nonproliferation Policy Education Center, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, and Carnegie Endowment.

Dr. Heinonen is a member of the non-partisan Iran Task Force.

Former Deputy Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and head of its Department of Safeguards, Dr. Heinonen is a Senior Advisor on Science and Nonproliferation at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

Dr. Heinonen is also a Senior Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. His research and teachings include: nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament, verification of treaty compliance, enhancement of the verification work of international organizations, and transfer and control of peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

Before joining the Belfer Center in September 2010, Dr. Heinonen served 27 years at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna. Heinonen was the Deputy Director General of the IAEA, and head of its Department of Safeguards. Prior to that, he was Director at the Agency’s various Operational Divisions, and as inspector including at the IAEA’s overseas office in Tokyo, Japan.

Prior to joining IAEA, he was a Senior Research Officer at the Technical Research Centre of Finland Reactor Laboratory in charge of research and development related to nuclear waste solidification and disposal.

He is co-author of several patents on radioactive waste solidification. Called on to provide analysis of the most important global nonproliferation challenges, his writings and interviews have be published in various newspapers and magazines including: Foreign Policy, The Wall Street Journal, The Guardian, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Arms Control Today, Der Spiegel, Le Monde, Helsingin Sanomat, The New York Times, Mehr News Agency, Stern, Haaretz, New Statesman, The Washington Post, BBC, and Time. His policy briefings have been published by the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, Belfer Center, Atlantic Council, Nautilus Institute, Institute for Science and International Security, Nonproliferation Policy Education Center, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, and Carnegie Endowment.

Dr. Heinonen is a member of the non-partisan Iran Task Force. 

Iranian Moves Offer Opportunity to Improve JCPOA

23rd December 2016 – FDD Research Memo

Iranian Moves Offer Opportunity to Improve JCPOA

Olli Heinonen

Congress extended the Iran Sanctions Act earlier this month, prompting Iranian President Hassan Rouhani to order retaliatory steps. Tehran protested to the EU, claiming the extension is a violation of last summer’s nuclear deal – the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA – and requesting a meeting of the joint committee established to settle disputes over the deal’s implementation. more...

Analysis & Commentary

10th January 2017 – FDD Policy Brief

Iran Stockpiling Uranium Far Above Current Needs

Olli Heinonen

In a televised speech on January 1, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said that Tehran had imported 200 metric tons of yellowcake uranium and would import another 120 tons at an unspecified future date. more...

23rd December 2016 – FDD Research Memo

Iranian Moves Offer Opportunity to Improve JCPOA

Olli Heinonen

Congress extended the Iran Sanctions Act earlier this month, prompting Iranian President Hassan Rouhani to order retaliatory steps. Tehran protested to the EU, claiming the extension is a violation of last summer’s nuclear deal – the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA – and requesting a meeting of the joint committee established to settle disputes over the deal’s implementation. more...

1st December 2016 – Quoted by The Tower

Former IAEA Deputy Director Criticizes Nuclear Agency’s Iran Investigations

Olli Heinonen

The former deputy director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency has criticized the agency for “reduc[ing] the level of transparency and details in its reporting” on Iran’s nuclear program, making it “practically impossible” to confirm that Iran is complying with the terms of the nuclear deal. more...

28th November 2016 – FDD Research Memo

Concerns about a Reduction of Transparency in IAEA Reporting on Iran’s Nuclear Program

Concerns about a Reduction of Transparency  in IAEA Reporting on Iran’s Nuclear Program

Olli Heinonen

While the U.S. administration maintains that Iran has thus far complied with the nuclear deal, the recent International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) report indicates that for the second time, Iran has exceeded the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action’s (JCPOA) limit for its inventory of heavy water. more...