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Ali Habib Mahmoud

Position: Former Minister of Defense

Sanctions: US (May 20, 2011)

The United States sanctioned Mahmoud in May 2011 for committing human rights abuses against Syrian civilians during the country's uprising.[1]  Though his precise role was unclear, the US accused him of overseeing the Syrian military during its violent crackdown on protesters until Dawood Rajiha replaced him in September 2011.[2]


[1]“Executive Order 13573: Blocking Property of Senior Officials of the Government of Syria,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, May 20, 2011. (

[2]Roee Nahmias, “Assad Names New Defense Minister” Ynet News, August 9, 2011. (,7340,L-4106312,00.html)