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Ali Mamluk

Position: Director of General Intelligence Directorate

Sanctions: US (April 29, 2011)

The United States sanctioned Mamluk on April 29, 2011 for his role in the Syrian government’s repression of its people.[1] The General Intelligence Directorate has been accused of making arbitrary arrests, and torturing its prisoners to death in some cases. The US government cites one example in the city of Bukamal in July 2011, where dumped bodies of prisoners were found to “have been mutilated with holes drilled into their arms, legs and shoulders.”[2]

Although a Sunni Muslim, Mamluk is reportedly well regarded in the Syrian government and enjoys a close relationship with the other heads of intelligence.[3]

In April 2012, the US government placed further sanctions on him, accusing him of facilitating “grave human rights abuses” in Syria by disrupting computers and networks, as well as monitoring and tracking individuals opposed to the Assad government.[4]


[1]“Executive Order 13572: Blocking Property of Certain Persons With Respect to Human Rights Abuses in Syria,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, April 29, 2011. (http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/Documents/13572.pdf)

[2]“Fact Sheet: New Executive Order Targeting Human Rights Abuses via Information Technology,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, April 23, 2012. (http://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/tg1547.aspx)

[3]“Bashar Al-Assad’s Inner Circle,” BBC News, May 18, 2011. (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-13216195)

[4]“Executive Order: Blocking the Property and Suspending Entry into the United States of Certain Persons with Respect to Grave Human Rights Abuses by the Governments of Iran and Syria via Information Technology,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, April 23, 2012. (http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/Documents/2012iran_syria_eo.pdf)