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Assef Shawkat

Position: Former Deputy Chief of Staff for Security and Reconnaissance

Sanctions: US (January 18, 2006) & EU (April 12, 2011)

The United States government sanctioned Assef Shawkat on January 18, 2006 when he was director of Syrian military intelligence, for being a “key architect of Syria’s domination of Lebanon, as well as a fundamental contributor to Syria’s long-standing policy to foment terrorism against Israel.[1]

Shawkat, who was assassinated in a bombing at the national security headquarters in Damascus on July 18, 2012, was President Assad’s brother-in-law, and rose through the ranks of the Syrian army.[2]

In 2011, the U.S. government accused Shawkat of playing “a key role in dealing with demonstrations,” and the European Union sanctioned him on May 23, 2011, for his involvement in violence against the civilian population.[3]

 


[1]“Treasury Designates Director of Syrian Military Intelligence,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, January 18, 2006.                                   (http://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/js3080.aspx)

[2]“Treasury Designates Director of Syrian Military Intelligence,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, January 18, 2006.                                   (http://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/js3080.aspx)

[3]The Council of the European Union, “Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 504/2011 of 23 May 2011 implementing Regulation (EU) No 442/2011 concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Syria,” Official Journal of the European Union, May 24, 2011, p. 136/47. (http://www.damaskus.diplo.de/contentblob/3157932/Daten/1327858/EUSanktionen_gegen_PrsidentAssad_23Mai2011eng.pdf)