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Congressional Tracker

Congress has taken numerous steps to pass and enforce energy sanctions against Iran and encourage Iran's energy partners to terminate their business ties. Examples include:

2013

  • President Barack Obama signed the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 includes an amendment, the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012, that blacklists Iran’s entire energy, port, shipping and ship-building sectors, denying Iran’s government funding for its nuclear and ballistic missile programs, and international terrorist activities. (January 3, 2013)

2012

2011

  • The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Iran Threat Reduction Act authorizing the administration to sanction the Central Bank of Iran and increasing sanctions on the Iranian regime, December 14, 2011.
  • The U.S. House of Represenatives passes the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Reform and Modernization Act increasing sanctions against Iran, December 14, 2011.
  • The House Committee on Foreign Affairs passed two sanctions bills targeting Iran for its proliferation activities including the Iran Threat Reduction Act and the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Reform and Modernization Act, November 2, 2011.
  • Representatives Ros-Lehtinen and Sherman introduced the Iran, North Korea and Syria Nonproliferation Reform and Modernization Act to improve existing legislation targeting weapons proliferation activities, June 6, 2011.
  • Senators Jon Kyl (R-AZ), Joseph Lieberman (I-CT), and Robert Menendez (D-NJ) introduced the Iran, North Korea and Syria Sanctions Consolidation Act of 2011 which advances the cause of human rights in Iran, and increase pressure on international companies that continue to do business with the country's energy sector, May 25, 2011.
  • Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) introduced the Iran Threat Reduction Act of 2011 strengthening sanctions against Iran, May 13, 2011.
  • Senators Mark Kirk (R-IL) and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) introduced the Iran Human Rights and Democracy Promotion Act to make it the policy of the United States to deny the Iranian regime the ability to oppress the people of Iran, to fully support democratic activists inside Iran, and to help the Iranian people freely and safely access and share information, May 4, 2011.
  • Representatives Robert Dold (R-IL) and Ted Deutch (D-FL) introduced the Iran Human Rights and Democracy Promotion Act to make it the policy of the United States to deny the Iranian regime the ability to oppress the people of Iran, to fully support democratic activists inside Iran, and to help the Iranian people freely and safely access and share information, May 4, 2011.
  • Senator Kristen Gillibrand (D-NY) introduced the Iran Transparency and Accountability Act of 2011 requiring securities issuers to disclose in their quarterly and annual reports any connections they may have to Iran, February 16, 2011.
  • Senators Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ), Mike Johanns (R-NE), Al Franken (D-MN), Jon Kyl (R-AZ), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Robert Casey Jr. (D-PA), Joseph Lieberman (I-CT), Jerry Moran (R-KS), Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Mark Kirk (R-IL), and Scott Brown (R-MA) sent a letter to Germany's Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle expressing their concern "with the continued financial support of Iran's nuclear proliferation activity by Europaisch-Iranische Handelsbank (EIH) in Hamburg," urging the German government to take action, February 1, 2011.

2010

  • Senators Joseph Lieberman (I-CT), Jon Kyl (R-AZ), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Robert Casey (D-PA) and Mark Kirk (R-IL) sent a letter to President Obama opposing Iran's enrichment activities urging him to continue pressuring the regime, December 6, 2010.
  • Senator Robert Casey (D-PA) introduces the Stop Iran's Nuclear Weapons Program Act of 2010 to impose additional sanctions against Iran, December 3, 2010.
  • Representative Brad Sherman (D-CA) introduces the Stop Iran's Nuclear Weapons Program Act of 2010 to impose additional sanctions against Iran, September 29, 2010.
  • Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) introduces the Gulf Security and Iran Sanctions Enforcement Act to restrict companies violating the Iran Sanctions Act from participating in offshore oil and gas leases, September 21, 2010.
  • Representative Ron Klein (D-FL) introduces the Gulf Security and Iran Sanctions Enforcement Act to restrict companies violating the Iran Sanctions Act from participating in offshore oil and gas leases, July 30, 2010.
  • Representative Ted Deutch (D-FL) introduces the Iran Transparency and Accountability Act of 2010 to amend the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to require issuers to make disclosures related to their Iranian investments, July 22, 2010.
  • Public Law No: 111-195, HR. 2194, The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2009 is signed into law by President Barack Obama, July 1, 2010.
  • HR. 2194, passes in the Senate 99-0 votes, June 24, 2010.
  • HR. 2194, passes in the House of Representatives by 408 votes in favor to 8 votes against the legislation, June 24, 2010.
  • HR. 5136, 111th Congress, 2nd Session, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011, to prohibit Department of Defense procurement from companies doing business with the Iranian energy sector, passes May 28, 2010.
  • The House of Representatives names its Iran sanctions legislation conferees, April 22, 2010.
  • The Senate names its Iran sanctions legislation conferees, March 11, 2010.
  • S. 2799, 111th Congress, 2nd Session, The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2009, passes in the Senate, January 28, 2010

2009

  • HR. 2194, the Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Act of 2009, passes in the House, December 15, 2009
  • S. 2799, the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2009 introduced to Senate, November 19, 2009.
  • Bipartisan letter signed by 50 members of Congress urging President Obama to utilize the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 to penalize companies investing more than $20 million in Iran's energy sector.
  • Amendment 1892 to H.R. 3183, 111th Congress. Bans companies that sell gasoline and other refined oil products to Iran from also receiving Energy Department contracts to deliver crude to the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve
  • FDD Senior Fellow Orde Kittrie Testifies before House Foreign Affairs Committee, July 22, 2009
  • H.R. 3081, 111th Congress. Making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2010, and for other purposes
  • To prohibit funds made available for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to any person that has engaged in certain activities with respect to the Islamic Republic of Iran
  • To require the Secretary of the Treasury to report on compliance with the statutory requirement to oppose loans from international financial institutions to the Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Iran Refined Petroleum Act of 2009 (House)
  • The Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Act of 2009, April 28, 2009
  • Hillary Rodham Clinton, Secretary of State, Remarks to the House Foreign Affairs Committee, April 22, 2009
  • Rep. Mark Kirk, Extension of Remarks; Bipartisan Iran Diplomatic Enhancement Act, April 21, 2009
  • H.R. 1985, 111th Congress, To Amend the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, April 20, 2009
  • Senate Amendment 980, Jon Kyl (R-AZ) and Joesph Lieberman (ID-CT), April 2, 2009
  • Senator Joe Lieberman (ID-CT), Speech to the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy on the eve of the introduction of the Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Act of 2009, March 27, 2009
  • House Letter to President Obama from Seven Members of Congress on Iran Sanctions (Including Refined Petroleum Sales and Related Insurance and Shipping Sanctions), March 26, 2009
  • FDD Senior Fellow Orde Kittrie, Testimony before the House Financial Services Committee Subcommittee on International Monetary Policy & Trade on H.R. 1327, the Iran Sanctions Enabling Act of 2009, March 12, 2009
  • Senator Jon Kyl (R-AZ), Speech on the Senate floor; March 4, 2009
  • Richard N. Haass, President of the Council of Foreign Relations, Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, March 3, 2009
  • Brad Sherman (D-CA), Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL), Robert Wexler (D-FL), Edward R. Royce (R-CA), Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Howard L. Berman (D-CA), Robert E. Andrews (D-NJ), Letter to the Hon. Steven Chu, Secretary, Department of Energy, February 27, 2009

2008

  • Brad Sherman (D-CA), Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL), Howard L. Berman (D-CA), Edward R. Royce (R-CA), Steve Israel (D-NY), Steven R. Rothman (D-NY), Ron Klein (D-FL), Gary Ackerman (D-NY), Letter to Chairman of the Export-Import Bank, Mr James Lambright, 'Re: Export/Import Loan Guarantees for Reliance Industries', December 17, 2008
  • Senator Jon Kyl (R-AZ); Joseph I. Lieberman (ID-CT), Letter to the Chairman of the Export-Import Bank, Mr James Lambright, October 29, 2008

2007

  • H.R. 1400, 110th Congress, The Iran Counter-Proliferation Act, passed by a vote of 397-16, September 25, 2007
  • H.R. 2880, 110th Congress, 1st Session, Iran Sanctions Enhancement Act 2007, June 28, 2007
  • Senator Barack Obama (D-IL), Speech on the Senate Floor in introducing the Iran Sanctions Enhancement Act 2007, May 17, 2007, 110th Congress