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Fawwaz Al-Assad

Position: Leader of Shabiha Militia

Sanctions: EU (May 9, 2011)

The European Union sanctioned Fawwaz al-Assad on May 9, 2011 for his involvement in in repressing the civilian population as a leader of the Shabiha militia.[1]

Fawwaz is a first cousin of President Bashar al-Assad, and is thought to be the joint leader of the Shabiha, along with his brother Mundhir. Reportedly, the Shabiha is a dreaded, plain-clothed militia, comprised of extreme loyalists to the regime that regularly kill and beat demonstraters. They have also been accused of carrying out executions, drive-by shootings and sectarian attacks.[2]

The Shabiha are suspected of carrying out the Houla massacre in May 2012, which killed 108 people, including 49 children.[3]


[1]The Council of the European Union, “Council Decision 2011/273/CFSP of 9 May 2011 Concerning Restrictive Measures against Syria,” Official Journal of the European Union, October 5, 2011, p. 14. (

[2]“Syria Unrest: Who Are the Shabiha?” BBC News, May 29, 2012. (

[3]“Syria Unrest: Who Are the Shabiha?” BBC News, May 29, 2012. (