Subscribe to FDD

Hafez Makhlouf

Position: Head of Damascus Branch of Syrian General Intelligence Directorate

Sanctions: US (August 1, 2007); (May 18, 2011) & EU (September 5, 2011)

The United States first sanctioned Hafez Makhlouf on August 1, 2007 for “undermining the sovereignty of Lebanon or its democratic processes and institutions.”[1] The US placed additional sanctions on Makhlouf on May 18, 2011 for his role in violently repressing Syria’s civilian population, especially in Dera’a, where the country’s uprising began.[2]

The European Union enacted sanctions against Makhlouf on September 5, 2011 for his role in the regime’s violence against demonstrators.[3]


[1]“Administration Takes Additional Steps to Hold the Government of Syria Accountable for Violent Repression Against the Syrian People,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, May 18, 2012. (http://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/tg1181.aspx)

[2]“Administration Takes Additional Steps to Hold the Government of Syria Accountable for Violent Repression Against the Syrian People,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, May 18, 2012. (http://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/tg1181.aspx)

[3]The Council of the European Union, “Council Decision 2011/273/CFSP of 9 May 2011 Concerning Restrictive Measures against Syria,” Official Journal of the European Union, October 5, 2011, p. 121/14.                                                                                                                                       (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:121:0011:0014:EN:PDF)