Analysis & Commentary - Center on Sanctions and Illicit Finance

Center on Sanctions and Illicit Finance Media Books and Briefings

17th April 2018 – FDD's Center on Sanctions and Illicit Finance

State Sponsors of Terrorism: An Examination of Iran’s Global Terrorism Network

Emanuele Ottolenghi

Since its establishment, the Islamic Republic of Iran has viewed Latin America as a fertile ground for the export of its revolution. Tehran wants the Western Hemisphere to become a hotbed of anti-Americanism and a forward operating base for Iran. more...

5th April 2018 – FDD's CSIF Research Memo

Pushing Back on Putin: Gaining Leverage with Cheaper Oil and Gas

Pasi Eronen, Boris Zilberman

For three years, Russian President Vladimir Putin has seemed immune to the dual stresses of increasingly tighter economic sanctions and stubbornly low oil prices. He has maintained covert pincers on Ukraine sovereignty, captured a diplomatic and military foothold in Syria, and attacked the democratic systems of the U.S. and Europe. In the wake of Putin’s March 18 election to another six-year term, extending his rule through at least 2024, oil offers him the opportunity for even bolder action to come. more...

15th May 2017 – FDD's Center on Sanctions and Illicit Finance

Terror Finance Briefing Book

Yaya J. Fanusie

The Terror Finance Briefing Book is a product of FDD’s Center on Sanctions and Illicit Finance (CSIF) created to help policymakers better understand how terrorist groups fund their operations so that they may be targeted more effectively. This publication will compile financial assessments of select jihadist organizations in the Middle East and Africa. more...

1st May 2017 – FDD's Center on Sanctions and Illicit Finance

Boko Haram Financial Assessment

Yaya J. Fanusie

Boko Haram (“Western education is forbidden”) is reeling under the pressure of Nigerian military operations, but its mobility and relatively low-cost operations in poorly governed territory will likely allow it to mount attacks despite dwindling resources. As Boko Haram is degraded militarily, it may squeeze locals more to provide for the day-to-day livelihood of its militants. more...

1st March 2017 – FDD's Center on Sanction and Illicit Finance

Islamic State Financial Assessment

Yaya J. Fanusie

In 2016, Islamic State (IS) likely had revenue in the high hundreds of millions of dollars. IS probably made between $1 and $2 billion in 2015. Indeed, IS is one of the most-funded terrorist organizations of all time. IS derives substantial income from controlling land rather than from outside sources, making interdiction difficult without retaking territory. Its main funding sources have been oil and gas sales, taxes and extortion, and cash stolen from banks. more...

6th February 2017 – FDD Press

Securing American Interests: A New Era of Economic Power

American economic power has become an increasingly critical national security tool in recent years. For well over a decade, the United States has leveraged the size of its economy, the centrality of the dollar, and America’s ability to set economic and financial global standards and norms to drive its national security goals. more...

18th January 2017 – FDD Press

Qatar and Terror Finance

David Andrew Weinberg

Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani abdicated as the emir of Qatar in June of 2013, making his son Tamim the youngest ruler in the Arab world. Hamad’s reign was characterized by persistent negligence toward local U.S.-designated funders of al-Qaeda, but some American officials have expressed hope that Emir Tamim would turn over a new leaf in Qatar’s approach to tackling terror finance. more...

14th July 2016 – FDD Press

The Iran Deal’s Fatal Flaws After One Year: Emboldened Iran and Diminished American Deterrence

Mark Dubowitz, Annie Fixler

As we mark the one-year anniversary of the announcement of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), it is worth recalling why this deal is fatally flawed. The JCPOA provides Iran with a patient pathway to nuclear weapons capability by placing limited, temporary, and reversible constraints on Iran’s nuclear activities. more...

15th June 2016 – FDD-Roubini Report

Don’t Buy the Spin: Iran is Getting Economic Relief

Mark Dubowitz, Annie Fixler

In recent weeks, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry has been on an international “road show” to encourage large European banks to return to business with Iran and to help alleviate their concerns about the legal risks associated with engaging with a country still under U.S. sanctions for money laundering, terrorism, missile proliferation, and human rights abuses. more...

2nd June 2016 – FDD Press

Russian Hybrid Warfare: How to Confront a New Challenge to the West

Pasi Eronen

In 2013, General Valery Gerasimov, chief of Russia’s Armed Forces, publicly unveiled a fresh idea. In what came to be called the Gerasimov Doctrine,1 he described “new-generation” warfare – pre-emptive operations employing a mixture of nonmilitary and military measures to achieve political goals, deploying all elements of society. more...

17th March 2016 – Research Memo

Iran’s Ballistic Missile Program and Economic Sanctions

Saeed Ghasseminejad

Iran this week engaged in a series of ballistic-missile drills, launching next-generation short-, medium-, and long range missiles from silos and missile bases built deep underground and in mountains. It was the third ballistic missile test since last summer’s nuclear deal. more...

20th November 2015 – FDD Press

Monumental Fight: Countering the Islamic State’s Antiquities Trafficking

Yaya J. Fanusie

In the four and a half years since the Syrian civil war began, the terrorist group known as Islamic State (IS) has become one of the most destabilizing actors in the Middle East. more...

11th September 2015 – FDD - Roubini Report

Iran’s Mysterious Shrinking Reserves: Estimating the Value of Tehran’s Foreign Assets

Mark Dubowitz, Annie Fixler

A close review of the Iran nuclear agreement, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), has exposed a major divergence between estimates of the Iranian government’s assets held abroad. more...

26th August 2015 – FDD Press

Improving the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

Mark Dubowitz, Annie Fixler

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) negotiated between the P5+1 and Iran places term-limited constraints on Iran’s nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of many of the most impactful global sanctions. more...

7th July 2015 – FDD Press

‘SWIFT’ Warfare

Annie Fixler , Mark Dubowitz, Juan Zarate

Economic warfare is now the default instrument of coercive statecraft for confronting challenges to the international order. Sanctions have become President Barack Obama’s weapon of choice to combat Iran’s nuclear program, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the Assad regime in Syria, and the financing of terrorist groups such as the Islamic State, al-Qaeda, and others. more...

7th July 2015 – FDD Press

The Cyber Financial Wars on the Horizon

Juan Zarate

Cyberattacks and intrusions threaten U.S. private sector institutions on a daily basis. more...

29th June 2015 – FDD - Roubini Report

Iran’s Economic Resilience Against Snapback Sanctions Will Grow Over Time

Mark Dubowitz, Annie Fixler

As the P5+1 and Iran enter the final days to conclude a nuclear agreement, the details of the emerging deal are becoming clearer. In the final deal, Iran is likely to receive substantial payments from oil assets currently held in escrow accounts. more...

26th June 2015 – FDD CSIF

Sanctions Evasion Series

Emanuele Ottolenghi

FDD’s Center on Sanctions and Illicit Finance (CSIF) is introducing a new publication series focusing on the issue of sanctions evasion. more...

5th June 2015 – Turkish Policy Quarterly

Turkey and Iran: The Best of Frenemies

Merve Tahiroglu, Behnam Ben Taleblu

Inheriting a legacy of imperial competition, the Turkey-Iran rivalry today manifests itself through the contest for leadership of the Arab Middle East, and Muslim hearts and minds more generally. more...

2nd June 2015 – FDD - Roubini Report

Turkish Medium-Term Economic Scenarios: The Costs of Policy Stasis

Jonathan Schanzer

The majority of the analysis on Turkey’s general elections, to be held on June 7, has focused on the domestic political ramifications of President Erdoğan’s more...

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