The Latest - Syria

Syria Latest Books and Briefings

28th February 2018 – FDD's Iran Project

FDD Profiles of Leading Iranian-Backed Militias

David Adesnik

Iran has built a network of Shiite militias, now fighting across the Middle East, whose fighters number in the tens of thousands. These militias include battle-hardened fighters as well as poorly trained recruits. They hail from countries across the Muslim world and have varying motivations and interests, but they have one thing in common: they project the Islamic Republic’s power and promote its revolutionary ideology. Iran’s Shiite foreign legion has played an indispensable role in preserving the Assad regime in Syria, but all the groups have expressed a readiness to wage war against all enemies of the Islamic Republic. more...

2nd June 2016 – FDD Press

Russian Hybrid Warfare: How to Confront a New Challenge to the West

Russian Hybrid Warfare: How to Confront a New Challenge to the West

Pasi Eronen

In 2013, General Valery Gerasimov, chief of Russia’s Armed Forces, publicly unveiled a fresh idea. In what came to be called the Gerasimov Doctrine,1 he described “new-generation” warfare – pre-emptive operations employing a mixture of nonmilitary and military measures to achieve political goals, deploying all elements of society. more...

5th April 2016 – International Centre for Counter-Terrorism - The Hague

The Islamic State’s Global Propaganda Strategy

Daveed Gartenstein-Ross

This Research Paper aims to analyse in depth the global propaganda strategy of the so-called “Islamic State” (IS) by looking at the methods through which this grand strategy is carried out as well as the objectives that IS wants to achieve through it. more...

11th January 2016 – FDD Press

Doubling Down on Damascus: Iran’s Military Surge to Save the Assad Regime

Iran’s support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in his country’s civil war reached new heights in 2015. more...

20th November 2015 – FDD Press

Monumental Fight: Countering the Islamic State’s Antiquities Trafficking

Yaya J. Fanusie

In the four and a half years since the Syrian civil war began, the terrorist group known as Islamic State (IS) has become one of the most destabilizing actors in the Middle East. more...

6th March 2014 – Senate Foreign Relations Committee

Syria Spillover: The Growing Threat of Terrorism and Sectarianism in the Middle East

Daveed Gartenstein-Ross

The war in Syria has already produced tremendous ripple effects internationally, and they will only widen over time. The impact the Syria war will have on this generation... more...

4th February 2014 – House Armed Services Committee

The Arab Spring and Al-Qaeda’s Resurgence

Daveed Gartenstein-Ross

Chairman McKeon, Ranking Member Smith, distinguished members of the committee, it is an honor to appear before you to discuss the state of al-Qaeda, its affiliates... more...

10th September 2013 – House Committee on Homeland Security

Crisis in Syria: Implications for Homeland Security

Thomas Joscelyn

Chairman McCaul, Ranking Member Thompson and members of the Committee, thank you for inviting me here today to discuss the potential threats to the U.S... more...

31st July 2013 – House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa

The Iran-Syria Nexus and its Implications for the Region

Mark Dubowitz

Thank you for having this hearing specifically on the topic of the Iran-Syria nexus. The more we talk about Iran’s machinations in Syria as a window... more...

18th July 2013 – House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade

Global al Qaeda: Affiliates, Objectives, and Future Challenges

Thomas Joscelyn

Chairman Poe, Ranking Member Sherman and members of the Committee, thank you for inviting me here today to discuss the threat posed by al Qaeda. more...

5th June 2013 – House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa

TESTIMONY: Washington’s Syria Policy

Tony Badran

As the Syrian uprising enters its third year, the terrible cost of the Assad’s regime war against the people of Syria is by now well known. Over 80,000 Syrians are dead, more than 1.5 million... more...

22nd May 2013 – Testimony before the House Committee on Homeland Security

Assessing the Threat to the Homeland from al Qaeda Operations in Iran and Syria

Thomas Joscelyn

Al Qaeda’s Iran-based network has not only facilitated the movement of terrorists to the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan, but has also been implicated in plots... more...

11th April 2013 – Joint Hearing before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs

Breaking the Iran, North Korea and Syria Nexus

The purpose of my testimony is to analyze the relationship between Iran, Syria, and North Korea, with a particular emphasis on the Iran-Syria relationship and steps that the United States should take to support our national security. more...

11th June 2012 – The Weekly Standard

Impotence Abroad

Hillary Clinton says that the Obama administration can’t do anything about Bashar al-Assad. They can’t make him step down, and they can’t stop him from massacring women and children, as he did last week in Houla. more...

10th April 2012 – FPI/FDD

What Obama Must Do in Syria After the Failed Annan Plan

A Joint Bulletin of the Foreign Policy Initiative (FPI) and the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) more...

15th March 2012 – Center for Independent Studies - Australia

From Tehran to Tahrir Square: Is Freedom Really Sweeping the Middle East?

Emanuele Ottolenghi

At the start of the Arab Spring in early 2011, Western nations around the world held their breath and hoped that the chaotic uprisings on the streets of Egypt and neighbouring countries would herald democracy in the Middle East. It’s been a year since the movement began and much has changed – or has it? Real and robust democracy has a long way to go before becoming commonplace in the Middle East. What is really happening behind the scenes and away from the news cameras? And how can the West help this transition? more...

8th November 2011 – FPI/FDD

Towards a Post-Assad Syria

A Discussion Paper Prepared by the Foreign Policy Initiative (FPI) and the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) for the Syrian Working Group more...

25th October 2011 – Policy Options for U.S. Response

The Assad Regime’s Continuing Mass Murder of Syrians

Long a sponsor of terrorism beyond its borders, the Syrian government is now waging an internal war against its own people. The United Nations reports that President Bashar al-Assad’s security forces have killed over 3,000 civilians and detained 30,000 more since the country’s pro-democracy protests began in March 2011. more...

22nd September 2011 – House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia

Axis of Abuse: U.S. Human Rights toward Iran and Syria

Tony Badran

On behalf of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, thank you for inviting me to take part in today’s hearing. I also would like to commend you for holding this hearing at a critical time in the ongoing Syrian uprising against the regime of Bashar Assad. more...

7th September 2011 –

EU Sanctions on Syria

The following memorandum provides information on the EU’s latest efforts to sanction Syria. Following Washington’s lead, 27 members of the European Union recently imposed sanctions on Syria, banning imports of Syrian crude oil and petroleum products in an effort to pressure Assad to step down or stop the killing of protestors. more...


Tony Badran

Research Fellow


9th June 2016 - 4:00 PM

Genocide by ISIS: The Plight of Yazidis in Iraq & Syria

When ISIS began attacking the Yazidi community in Iraq’s Sinjar Mountains in 2014, Ms. Dakhil brought international attention to the catastrophe through an impassioned parliamentary address, pleading for protection and assistance for a civilian population facing enslavement or execution.

13th May 2015 - 11:30 AM

Disputed Borders and the Struggle for Order: Addressing Security Threats in the Middle East

With continued Hezbollah activity emanating from Lebanon, Iran and the IRGC trying to set up a base of operations in the Golan Heights, the decline of the Assad regime in southern Syria, and rising tensions in the Sinai Peninsula, Israel's security situation has become increasingly complex and dangerous. What is the Israeli security outlook for the near and mid-term future?