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Analysis & Commentary - Boris Zilberman

Boris Zilberman's Latest Articles

25th June 2018 – FDD Research

Kaspersky and Beyond: Understanding Russia’s Approach to Cyber-Enabled Economic Warfare

Boris Zilberman

One of the most iconic images of the 20th century is that of U.S. Army troops wading ashore onto Omaha Beach from their landing craft on June 6, 1944 under Nazi machine gun fire to create a beachhead for the Allies. The beachheads of the future, however, are being established today in cyber space. more...

25th June 2018 – The Cipher Brief

Don’t Underestimate Economic Side of Russia’s Cyber Warfare

Boris Zilberman

Russia knows how to spread chaos and outrage in American politics, but Russia may pose a far greater threat to the U.S. economy and the infrastructure it depends on. more...

6th June 2018 – The American Interest

Russia and Egypt are Growing Closer

Romany Shaker, Boris Zilberman

As Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi begins his second term, a new chapter in Egyptian-Russian relations is being written. Disappointed by U.S. policy, Cairo has strengthened its ties with Moscow. The new trajectory stems in part from the lack of robust American engagement, which has left an open door for Russia to make inroads at Washington’s expense. more...

15th May 2018 – FDD Policy Brief

Increasing U.S.-Ukraine Cyber Cooperation is a Step in the Right Direction

Boris Zilberman, Trevor Logan

In early May, the State Department announced a doubling to $10 million of U.S. assistance to Ukraine for the strengthening of its cyber defenses. The increased funding is an important signal that the U.S. stands with Kyiv as it faces a sustained and evolving cyber threat from Russia, yet addressing the ceaseless barrage of cyber attacks from Moscow will take more than the added funding. more...

5th April 2018 – FDD's CSIF Research Memo

Pushing Back on Putin: Gaining Leverage with Cheaper Oil and Gas

Pasi Eronen, Boris Zilberman

For three years, Russian President Vladimir Putin has seemed immune to the dual stresses of increasingly tighter economic sanctions and stubbornly low oil prices. He has maintained covert pincers on Ukraine sovereignty, captured a diplomatic and military foothold in Syria, and attacked the democratic systems of the U.S. and Europe. In the wake of Putin’s March 18 election to another six-year term, extending his rule through at least 2024, oil offers him the opportunity for even bolder action to come. more...

29th March 2018 – The Hill

The US can breathe easy on Russia-OPEC deal

Boris Zilberman, Varsha Koduvayur

In their latest op-ed for The Hill, FDD’s deputy director of congressional relations Boris Zilberman and senior research analyst Varsha Koduvayur explain why a potential long-term pact extending cooperation with the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) between Saudi Arabia and Russia does not threaten an abandonment of the strong Saudi-U.S. alliance – and why the agreement might actually benefit oil producers in the U.S. more...

31st January 2018 – The American Interest

How to Make Russia Sanctions Bite

Boris Zilberman

On Monday night, the U.S. Treasury Department issued its long-awaited report on Russian oligarchs and Vladimir Putin’s inner circle. The report, issued in time for the Russian markets to absorb it before trading began on Tuesday, was required by Section 241 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act of 2017 (CAATSA). Meanwhile, the State Department chose not to designate any individuals or companies pursuant to Section 231 of CAATSA, which authorizes sanctions on those who do business with the Russian defense and intelligence sectors. That decision is consistent with the letter of the law, but designations under Section 231 should come soon if State is serious about turning up the heat on Russia. more...

18th January 2018 – FDD Policy Brief

President Trump Calls Out Russia for Helping North Korean Sanctions Evasion

Mathew Ha, Boris Zilberman

“Russia is not helping us at all with North Korea,” President Trump said yesterday in an Oval Office interview with Reuters. “What China is helping us with, Russia is denting,” the president added. Trump is correct when he accuses Moscow of being complicit in the Kim regime’s efforts to evade sanctions. more...

22nd December 2017 – FDD Policy Brief

The Kremlin’s Bad Week

Boris Zilberman

This week, the Kremlin found itself facing American pressure on multiple new fronts, in domains ranging from national strategy to military assistance and human rights. On Monday, the Trump administration released its new National Security Strategy, which asserts unequivocally that Russia challenges “American power, influence, and interests, attempting to erode American security and prosperity.” National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster assailed Russia for “engag[ing] in a very sophisticated campaign of subversion to affect our confidence in democratic institutions, in democratic processes - including elections.” more...

22nd December 2017 – FDD Policy Brief

This Christmas, Remember Imprisoned Pastor Andrew Brunson

Boris Zilberman

Pastor Andrew Brunson will be spending his second Christmas in a Turkish jail, unfairly held by the Erdogan government on manufactured charges. This past October, a delegation from the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) visited Pastor Brunson. Brunson, who has lost considerable weight from the stress of constant confinement, had a clear message to the delegation: do not forget me. more...

3rd November 2017 – FDD Policy Brief

The S-400: Erdogan’s Fail-safe

Boris Zilberman

Moscow and Ankara continue to signal that the $2.5-billion sale of four S-400 anti-aircraft batteries will proceed. While questions remain about when delivery will occur and under what conditions, both sides have an overriding interest in seeing the deal through. President Vladimir Putin wants the deal not only for monetary reasons, but also to chip away at NATO unity and to validate such sales to other nations traditionally aligned with the West. For President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the acquisition of the system enhances both Turkey’s military capabilities and Erdogan’s security in office. more...

14th August 2017 – The Hill

Blockchain technology may give Russia its next Sputnik moment

Yaya J. Fanusie, Boris Zilberman

Using blockchain technology, Russia may have just taken a massive leap forward in cryptography that needs more attention. more...

3rd April 2017 – Foreign Affairs

Russia’s Charm Offensive in North Africa

Boris Zilberman

With the world’s attention focused on the question of Russian influence in the United States and the European Union, the Kremlin is quietly making inroads in another region critical to both the United States and Europe: the five North African states of the southern Mediterranean shore. more...

7th February 2017 – The Hill

Ukraine needs to enforce US sanctions on Iran

Emanuele Ottolenghi, Boris Zilberman

The Ukrainian State Border Guard seized anti-tank missile components, reportedly the AT-4 Spigot, destined for Iran on Jan. 19. The weapons were concealed in the cargo section of a UM Airlines flight from Kiev to Tehran. more...

10th August 2016 – Politico Europe

The Turkey-Russia reset

Aykan Erdemir, Boris Zilberman

The failed coup in Turkey pushed Recep Tayyip Erdoğan into the arms of a man he now hails as a “valuable friend” but who was until recently a bitter enemy. more...

5th August 2016 – Quartz

Putin is jeopardizing his relationship with the West by allegedly trying to influence US elections

Boris Zilberman, Pasi Eronen

In the wake of WikiLeaks’ release of some 20,000 Democratic National Committee emails, US president Barack Obama faces three questions of some urgency. Did Russia hack and hand over the emails? If so, is the country trying to sway the US presidential election? And, if the answer is yes to both, how should Obama respond? more...

29th March 2016 – FDD Policy Brief

Russia Flexes its Muscle in Dispute with Japan

Boris Zilberman

Russia’s defense minister announced last week that Russia would deploy an advanced coastal-defense missile system and unmanned aerial vehicles to the far-eastern Kuril Islands, the southernmost of which are claimed by Japan. more...

3rd February 2016 – FDD Policy Brief

Nuclear Deal Paves Way for Iran-Russia Ballistic Missile Cooperation

Boris Zilberman

Since the start of talks over Iran’s nuclear program over two years ago, Russia and Iran have moved towards deepening economic and strategic ties in anticipation of Tehran’s reintegration into the global economy. more...

13th October 2015 – The National Interest

Blowback: Saudi Arabia vs. Russia in Syria

Jonathan Schanzer, Boris Zilberman

After deploying its ground and air assets across Syria, Russia entered into an agreement with the Shiite leaders of Iran and Iraq to coordinate military efforts. At the podium of the United Nations, Russian President Vladimir Putin looked as if he had pulled off a masterful power play in the Middle East. more...

18th May 2015 – FDD Policy Brief

Russia and the Illusion of “Snapback” Iran Sanctions

Boris Zilberman

President Obama insists that international sanctions, soon to be removed, can be “snapped back” should Iran violate the terms of a potentially impending nuclear deal. more...