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Malek Adjar Sharifi

Title: Head of East Azerbaidjan Judiciary

Sanctions: European Union (April 12, 2011)

In April 2011, the European Union sanctioned Malek Adjar Sharifi for human rights violations. According to the Council of the European Union, Sharifi adjudicated the trial of Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani.[1]

A 43-year old Iranian woman and mother of two, Ashtinai was convicted of adultery and sentenced to death by stoning, according to the BBC. [2] In May 2006, Mohammadi-Ashtiani was convicted of having an "illicit relationship outside marriage," according to The Guardian. She received a punishment of 99 lashes following her conviction. In September 2006, Mohammadi-Ashtiani was put on trial again for adultery and the murder of her husband. She was acquitted on the murder charges, but was found guilty of adultery and sentenced to death by stoning. [3]

The Guardian report conflicts with statements from Amnesty International, which reports that she was sentenced to a 10-year prison sentence for the murder of her husband, which was later reduced to five years, for complicity in his murder as well as death by stoning for the adultery conviction.[4]


[1]Council of the European Union, “Council Regulation (EU) No 359/2011 of 12 April 2011 Concerning Restrictive Measures Directed against Certain Persons, Entities, and Bodies in View of the Situation in Iran.” Official Journal of the European Union, April 14, 2011, p. 100/9.

[2]“Iran Stoning 'Temporarily Halted' by Judicial Chief,” BBC, July 12, 2010. (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10596934) and “Report: Iran May Commute Woman’s Stoning Sentence,” Associated Press, January 2, 2011. (http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2011/jan/2/report-iran-may-commute-womans-stoning-sentence/)

[3]“Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani: A Timeline,” The Guardian (U.K.)¸ December 9, 2010. (http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/dec/09/sakineh-mohammadi-ashtiani-timeline)

[4]“Sakineh Ashtiani Still At Risk,” Amnesty International, May 22, 2011. (http://blog.amnestyusa.org/deathpenalty/sakineh-ashtiani-still-at-risk/)