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Mundhir Al-Assad

Position: Leader of Shabiha Militia

Sanctions: EU (May 9, 2011)

The European Union Sanctioned Mundhir al-Assad on May 9, 2011 for his involvement in repressing the Syrian civilian population as a leader of the Shabiha militia, along with his brother Fawwaz.[1] The Shabiha is adreaded plain-clothed militia that is comprised of loyalists to the regime that have been accused of carrying-out executions, drive-by shootings and sectarian attacks.[2]

The Shabiha are suspected of carrying out the Houla massacre in May 2012, which killed 108 people, including 49 children.[3]


[1]The Council of the European Union, “Council Decision 2011/273/CFSP of 9 May 2011 Concerning Restrictive Measures against Syria.” Official Journal of the European Union, October 5, 2011, p. 121/14.                                                                                                                                    (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:121:0011:0014:EN:PDF)

[2]“Syria Unrest: Who Are the Shabiha?” BBC News, May 29, 2012. (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14482968)

[3]“Syria Unrest: Who Are the Shabiha?” BBC News, May 29, 2012. (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14482968)