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Speaker Biographies

Maj. Gen. (res.) Yaakov Amidror is the program director of the Institute for Contemporary Affairs at the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. He served as the commander of the Israeli Defense Force’s National Defense College and the IDF Staff and Command College. Gen. Amidror also headed the IDF's Research and Assessment Division with special responsibility for preparing the National Intelligence Assessment, and he served as military secretary for the Minister of Defense. He is the author of Thoughts About Security and Military Affairs (Israel National Security College, 2002) and Intelligence: Theory and Practice (Ministry of Defense Publishing House, 2006).

Tony Badran is a Research Fellow with FDD’s Center for the Study of Terrorist Radicalization. His research focuses on Lebanon, Syria and Hezbollah, their regional and international relations, and Islamist groups in the Levant. Mr. Badran, author of a well-respected blog, Across the Bay, also published an original work on the military history of the Lebanese civil war and on Hezbollah and his writings have appeared in a number of notable publications, including the Los Angeles Times,, National Review Online,, the Jerusalem Post, the Daily Star, NOW Lebanon, and the Mideast Monitor, as well as in many academic and policy journals and publications. He also appears regularly in media both in the US and abroad, frequently speaks at leading policy research institutes and schools, and has held regular briefings with both US and EU government officials. Mr. Badran is currently completing his doctorate at New York University.

Ambassador Richard Carlson is Vice Chairman of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He writes a syndicated newspaper column and hosts the “Danger Zone” radio show on WMAL in Washington, DC. He was formerly the CEO of mBLAST, Inc., an Internet software provider which aggregates and disseminates data for business and industry worldwide. From 1991-1992, he was the U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Seychelles. Previously, he was director of the Voice of America for the last six years of the Cold War, the longest running director-general in the 50-year history of VOA. For four years, Ambassador Carlson was a member of the U.S. delegation to the annual US-USSR Information Talks in Moscow and Washington, D.C. During the same period, he led official U.S. government delegations to the People's Republic of China, to Georgia, USSR, and to Moldavia, USSR. He has been involved in negotiations on behalf of the U.S. government with many foreign governments, including those of China, Korea, the USSR, Germany, Costa Rica, Belize, Liberia, Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa, Morocco and Israel. He is a long-time member of the European Broadcasting Union and the Asian Broadcasting Union.

Michael Chertoff was the second Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security. Previously, he was the United States Circuit Judge for the Third Circuit Court of Appeals. In 2001, Mr. Chertoff was confirmed by the Senate to serve as Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division at the Department of Justice. In this capacity, Mr. Chertoff oversaw the investigation of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Additionally, he formed the Enron Task Force which resulted in more than 20 convictions, including CEOs Jeffrey Skilling and Ken Lay. Prior to joining George W. Bush’s administration, Mr. Chertoff was a Partner in the law firm of Latham & Watkins and served as Special Counsel for the U.S. Senate Whitewater Committee from 1995-1996. Mr. Chertoff also spent more than a decade as a federal prosecutor, working on cases of political corruption, organized crime, and corporate fraud. He graduated magna cum laude from Harvard College in 1975 and magna cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1978. He served as a clerk to Supreme Court Justice William Brennan, Jr. from 1979-1980.

The Honorable Irwin Cotler Former Canadian Attorney General and current Liberal Party MP. He is currently serving as Liberal Special Counsel on Human Rights & International Justice, is a member of the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on International Human Rights, and Chair of the All-Party Save Darfur Parliamentary Coalition. A leading public advocate in and out of Parliament for the Human Rights Agenda, he headed the Canadian Delegation to the Stockholm International Forum on the Prevention of Genocide. Irwin Cotler has been variously described in these roles and responsibilities as being “at the forefront of the struggle for justice, peace and human rights.”

Tom Delare is the Director for Terrorism Finance and Sanctions Policy in the Economic Bureau of the US Department of State. Previously, Mr. Delare had worked at both the U.S. Embassy in Rome, Italy (2006-2009) as well as the Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq (2005-2006), serving as Minister Counselor for Economic Affairs in both places. He has held many other senior positions in the State Department, including Deputy Director of the Office of Investment Affairs, Chief Economist for Russia and later for Korea, Staff Economist on the Secretary of State’s Policy Planning Staff, and Deputy Chief of Mission and Charge d’Affaires in Bucharest, Romania.

Mark Dubowitz is the Executive Director of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He leads FDD’s projects on terrorist media and Iran sanctions. Mr. Dubowitz has briefed U.S. and international policymakers and counterterrorism officials, and provided evidence in a successful prosecution against U.S. supporters of Hezbollah. Mr. Dubowitz has testified before Congress on Iran sanctions issues, appeared widely in national and international media, and is a regular contributor to Forbes’ Energy Source. He is the co-author of Iran’s Energy Partners: Companies Requiring Investigation Under U.S. Sanctions Law, Iran’s Chinese Energy Partners: Companies Eligible for Investigation Under U.S. Sanctions Law, and most recently, Palestinian Pulse (all FDD Press, 2010). Mr. Dubowitz spent eight years working in venture capital, technology management, and law. He received a master’s degree with honors in International Public Policy from Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), and JD and MBA degrees from the University of Toronto.

Mark Fitzpatrick is Director of the IISS Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Programme. Mr. Fitzpatrick's research focus includes nuclear proliferation concerns and preventing nuclear danger in the emerging ‘nuclear renaissance’. He is the author of The Iranian Nuclear Crisis: Avoiding worst-case outcomes (IISS Adelphi Paper 398, 2008) and has written articles on non-proliferation in the Financial Times, International Herald Tribune, Survival, and other publications. He has lectured throughout Europe, North America and Asia and is a frequent commentator on proliferation and disarmament topics on BBC, NPR and other news outlets.

Daveed Gartenstein-Ross is the Director of FDD’s Center for the Study of Terrorist Radicalization, and a Ph.D. candidate in world politics at the Catholic University of America. One of his major areas of focus has been "homegrown" terrorism, and he co-authored two major reports about this subject in 2009, including Homegrown Terrorists in the U.S. and U.K. That report has been cited repeatedly in academic works, and Gartenstein-Ross has presented this research at the Universität Tübingen (Germany), Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya (Israel), Marine Corps University, and elsewhere. In addition to his academic research, Mr. Gartenstein-Ross seeks to craft practical solutions to the field's vexing problems. He frequently leads training for the U.S. military's Leader Development and Education for Sustained Peace (LDESP) courses, and the State Department's Office of Anti-Terrorism Assistance has retained him as a Subject Matter Expert to develop its international training material. He was also retained by a D.C.-based risk management firm charged with freeing a hostage in Iraq to provide expert assistance on the insurgent group with which they were negotiating.

Reuel Marc Gerecht is a Senior Fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies and former Iran analyst at the CIA’s Directorate of Operations. Mr. Gerecht is the author of Know Thine Enemy: A Spy's Journey into Revolutionary Iran (Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1997), The Islamic Paradox: Shiite Clerics, Sunni Fundamentalists, and the Coming of Arab Democracy (AEI Press, 2004), and the forthcoming book The Wave: Man, God, and the Ballot Box in the Middle East. He is a contributing editor for The Weekly Standard and a correspondent for The Atlantic Monthly, as well as a frequent contributor to the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, and other publications.

Daniel L. Glaser is the Treasury Department's Deputy Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes. In this role he functions as the primary Treasury official for the development and coordination of international anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing policy. Mr. Glaser is a key official in developing and implementing strategies to disrupt and dismantle money laundering and terrorist financing networks worldwide, and has led the Treasury effort to identify and secure the U.S. financial system from foreign money laundering and terrorist financing threats. Mr. Glaser also plays a leading role in the fight against money laundering and terrorist financing internationally as the head of the U.S. delegation to the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) – the premier international body in the fight against money laundering.

Jeffrey Goldberg is a National Correspondent for The Atlantic. In September 2010, he published a highly discussed and debated piece entitled "The Point of No Return" on the possibility of a military strike on Iran's nuclear sites. Before joining The Atlantic in 2007, he was Middle East Correspondent, and Washington Correspondent, for the New Yorker. Mr. Goldberg has also previously written for the New York Times Magazine, New York Magazine, the Forward, and The Jerusalem Post, and is the author of the critically acclaimed book, Prisoner; A Muslim and a Jew Across the Middle East Divide.

Congressman Peter Hoekstra was originally sworn in to the 103rd Congress in 1993. He represents the second congressional district of Michigan and is a ranking member of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Congressman Hoekstra has been a member of the Committee since 2001 and is responsible for providing Congressional oversight as the United States battles a global war on terror and Congress works to modernize and reform the U.S. Intelligence Community. Most recently, he led a congressional delegation to meet with Iraqi leaders prior to the June 30 transfer of sovereignty.

Rodney Joffe is Senior Vice President and Senior Technologist at NeuStar. He has been in the field of IT security since the 1973 and founded the American Computer Group (ACG) in 1983. Mr. Joffe continued his entrepreneurial streak and founded several other companies, some of which are Genuity, the largest Internet hosting company in the world in 1997, UltraDNS Corporation, and Packet Forensics, a specialized network security company. In addition to his work, he has also served on several boards such as Scientific Monitoring and Plasmanet. He is also very active in Internet governance bodies which include both the ICANN SSAC (Security and Stability Advisory Committee) and the ICANN RSTEP (Registry Services Technical Evaluation Panel). His expertise on electronic security enabled him to testify before Congress concerning these issues.

Thomas Joscelyn is a Senior Fellow at FDD and is Executive Director of the Center for Law and Counterterrorism. He is also the Senior Editor of FDD’s Long War Journal. Mr. Joscelyn is a nationally-recognized expert on how al Qaeda and its affiliates operate around the world and is a sought after source by Congress and the media. He is the author of Iran's Proxy War Against America, a short book published by the Claremont Institute that details Iran's decades-long sponsorship of America's terrorist enemies.

Dr. Ken Katzman is a specialist in Middle East affairs for the Congressional Research Service where he provides analysis on Persian Gulf political, military and diplomatic affairs, and on U.S. policy in that region, to members of Congress and their staffs. Dr. Katzman has served in government and the private sector as an analyst in Persian Gulf affairs, with special emphasis on Iran and Iraq. He also has written numerous articles in various outside publications, including a book entitled The Warriors of Islam: Iran's Revolutionary Guard. Dr. Katzman has a Ph.D. in Political Science from New York University.

Mehdi Khalaji is a Senior Fellow at The Washington Institute for Near East Policy where he focuses his research on the politics of Iran and Shiite groups in the Middle East. He earned his doctorate while studying theology and jurisprudence in the seminaries of the traditional center of Iran’s clerical establishment, Qom. While there, he researched the modern philosophical-political and intellectual developments of Iran, and he eventually launched his career in journalism by serving on the editorial boards of two different Iranian periodicals. He has also worked for BBC as an analyst on Iranian affairs, and was a broadcaster for Radio Farda, the Persian language service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.

Senator Mark Kirk was sworn in as the junior Senator from Illinois on November 29th, 2010. He previously represented the 10th Congressional District of Illinois for five terms. During his time in the House, he served as a member of the powerful House Appropriations Committee and was co-chairman of the moderate GOP Tuesday Group and the bipartisan House US-China Working Group. During his time in Congress, Senator Kirk worked to advance an agenda that is pro-defense, pro-personal responsibility, pro-environment, and pro-science. Prior to his election to Congress, Senator Kirk served in the World Bank, the State Department, the law firm of Baker & McKenzie, and the U.S House International Relations Committee. He is a Naval Reserve intelligence officer and has served during conflicts with Afghanistan, Iraq, Haiti, and Bosnia.

Orde Kittrie is a professor of law at Arizona State University and a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD). Mr. Kittrie is a leading expert on nuclear nonproliferation and especially nuclear nonproliferation legal issues and sanctions. He currently serves as chair of the Nonproliferation, Arms Control & Disarmament Committee of the American Society of International Law and chair of the Nonproliferation, Arms Control & Disarmament Committee of the American Branch of the International Law Association. He also serves on a National Academies of Science committee created by Congress to issue a report on how to improve current U.S. government programs to prevent the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons.

Dr. Michael Ledeen is the Freedom Scholar at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He is also a contributing editor at National Review Online. Previously, he served as a consultant to the National Security Council, the State Department, and the Defense Department. He has also served as a special adviser to the Secretary of State. He holds a Ph.D. in modern European history and philosophy from the University of Wisconsin, and has taught at Washington University in St. Louis and the University of Rome. He is author of more than 20 books, including his most recent, Accomplice to Evil: Iran and the War Against the West.

Ambassador Uri Lubrani is an Iran advisor to Israeli Deputy Prime Minister Moshe Yaalon, who is in charge of strategic affairs. He previously served as an Iran advisor to the Israeli Ministry of Defense and was Israeli Ambassador to Iran before the revolution in 1979. Ambassador Lubrani formerly headed the Israeli task force that planned and executed Operation Solomon, which airlifted the larger part of the Jewish community of Ethiopia from Addis-Abba to Israel. He also served as government coordinator for Lebanese affairs and chief Israeli negotiator for the release of Israeli hostages and prisoners of war. He has served as the Israeli Ambassador to many different countries, including Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi. Ambassador Lubrani has also served as a political advisor to Prime Ministers Levi Eshkol and David Ben-Gurion.

Clifford May is President of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He has had a long and distinguished career in international relations, journalism, communications and politics. Mr. May spent nearly a decade with The New York Times as a reporter in both New York and Washington, an editor of The New York Times Sunday Magazine and as a foreign correspondent. He is a frequent guest on national and international television and radio news programs including CNN and MSNBC, providing analysis and participating in debates on national security issues. He writes a weekly column that is nationally distributed by Scripps Howard News Service and he is a regular contributor to National Review Online, The American Spectator and other publications.

Aaron David Miller is a Public Policy Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. An expert on the Middle East peace process, he is the author of The Much Too Promised Land: America’s Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace (Bantam, 2008). His other books include The Arab States and the Palestine Question: Between Ideology and Self Interest, The PLO and the politics of Survival, and The Search for Security, Saudi Arabian Oil and American Foreign Policy. He previously served at the Department of State as an advisor to six secretaries of state, where he helped formulate U.S. policy on the Middle East and the Arab-Israel peace process, most recently as the Senior Advisor for Arab-Israeli Negotiations.

Ghaith al-Omari is Advocacy Director at the American Taskforce on Palestine (ATFP). Prior to that, he served in various positions within the Palestinian Authority, including Director of the International Relations Department in the Office of the Palestinian President, and advisor to former Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas. He has extensive experience in the Palestinian-Israeli peace process, having been an advisor to the Palestinian negotiating team throughout the permanent status negotiations (1999–2001). In these capacities, he provided advice on foreign policy, especially vis-à-vis the United States and Israel, and security.

Dr. Emanuele Ottolenghi is a Senior Fellow at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies and author of Iran: The Looming Crisis, Can the West Live with Iran’s Nuclear Threat? From 2006 to early 2010 he headed the Transatlantic Institute in Brussels, where he currently resides. He previously taught Israel Studies at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies and at the Middle East Centre of St. Antony's College, Oxford University. He obtained his Ph.D. in political theory at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and did his undergraduate studies in political science at the University of Bologna. He has a column in the British monthly, Standpoint Magazine and blogs on Contentions, the Blog of Commentary Magazine.

Dr. Walid Phares is a Senior Fellow and Director of FDD’s Future of Terrorism Project where he focuses on Middle East history and politics, global terrorist movements, democratization and human rights. He is the author of numerous books, including The Coming Revolution: Struggle for Freedom in the Middle East, and Future Jihad: Terrorist Strategies Against America, which was listed on Foreign Policy magazine's best selling titles for three months. Dr. Phares appears frequently in the media, is a visiting fellow at the European Foundation for Democracy, and an Adjunct Professor at National Defense University.

Ken Pollack is an expert on Middle East politics and military affairs and is currently the Director of the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. He has served on the National Security Council staff and has written several articles and books on international relations. He also spent seven years in the CIA as a Persian Gulf military analyst. He is the author of A Path Out of the Desert: A Grand Strategy for America in the Middle East and the author of The Persian Puzzle: The Conflict Between Iran and America.

Bill Roggio is the editor of FDD’s The Long War Journal and Senior Fellow at FDD. He is also the President of Public Multimedia Inc., a nonprofit media organization with a mission to provide original and accurate reporting and analysis of the Long War. Bill has embedded with the US Marine Corps and US Army in Iraq in 2005, 2006, and 2007, and with the Canadian Army in Afghanistan in 2006. His articles have been published in The Weekly Standard, The National Review, The New York Post, The Toronto Times, and Die Weltwoche. He also presents regularly at the US Air Force's Contemporary Counterinsurgency Warfare School at Hulbert Field on the media and embedded reporting.

Uzi Rubin is the founder and first Director of the Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMOD) in the Israel Ministry of Defense (MOD), in which capacity he initiated and managed the Israel’s nation wide effort to develop, produce and deploy its first national missile defense shield, the Arrow missile defense system. He led the Arrow program from its inception in 1991 to the first delivery of operational missiles in 1999. He received his ME in Aeronautical Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1969 and subsequently directed large missile programs in Israel Aerospace Industries and the Israel MOD. In 1990 as a visiting scholar in the Stanford Center for International Security and Arms Control, he directed a major study on missile proliferation. Between 1999 and 2001 he was the Senior Director for Proliferation and Technology in the Israel National Security Council. He was awarded the prestigious Israel Defense Prize in 1996 and than once more in 2003. In the year 2000, he was awarded the MDA David Israel Prize for achievements in missile defense. Uzi Rubin has retired from Israel's MOD at the end of 2002 and has since been heading his own defense consultancy, Rubincon Ltd. providing consultation services in defense technologies to Israel’s Ministry of Defense and Israel's leading defense contractors. He publishes frequently in the professional and international media on Israeli and Western defense topics, focusing on missile proliferation in the Middle East and its consequences.

Dr. Gary Samore is the White House Coordinator for Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), Counter-terrorism and Arms Control He serves as the principal advisor to the President on all matters relating to arms control and the prevention of weapons of mass destruction proliferation and WMD terrorism. He also coordinates United States government activities, initiatives, and programs to prevent proliferation and WMD terrorism and promote international arms control efforts. Previously, Dr. Samore was Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Nonproliferation and Export controls during the Clinton Administration. He was responsible for formulating and coordinating U.S. policy to prevent the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, and missile delivery systems. Before the National Security Council, Dr. Samore worked on nonproliferation issues at the Department of State.

David Sanger is Chief Washington Correspondent for The New York Times and is one of the newspaper's senior writers. He has reported from New York, Tokyo and Washington, specializing in foreign policy, national security and the politics of globalization. He is also the author of the New York Times best-seller The Inheritance: The World Obama Confronts and the Challenges to American Power (2009). Mr. Sanger appears regularly on public affairs and news shows, including Washington Week on PBS, and the three main Sunday news shows, Face the Nation, Meet the Press and This Week. He also delivers the weekly Washington Report on WQXR, part of New York Public Radio. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Aspen Strategy Group.

Dr. Jonathan Schanzer is the Vice President of Research at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He is the author of Hamas vs. Fatah: The Struggle for Palestine (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), Al-Qaeda’s Armies: Middle East Affiliate Groups and the Next Generation of Terror (Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2004), and is a co-author on the newly published Palestinian Pulse (FDD Press, 2010). Prior to joining FDD, Mr. Schanzer was the Deputy Executive Director of the Jewish Policy Center. He has served as a counterterrorism analyst for the U.S. Department of the Treasury and as a research fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Mr. Schanzer holds a Ph.D. from King’s College London, documenting the history of the United States Congress and its efforts to combat terrorism. He speaks Arabic and Hebrew.

Congressman Brad Sherman was sworn into the 105th Congress in 1997 and represents the 27th district of California. He is currently serving his seventh term. Additionally, Congressman Sherman is the Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on International Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade. He has been a leader in initiating and securing Iran sanctions legislation. He is also a member of the Financial Services Committee.

Bret Stephens writes The Wall Street Journal's "Global View" column on foreign affairs, which runs every Tuesday in the United States and is also published in the European and Asian editions of the paper. He is a member of The Wall Street Journal's editorial board, and has previously worked for the paper as an Assistant Editorial Features Editor in New York and as an Editorial Writer in Brussels for The Wall Street Journal Europe. From March 2002 to October 2004, Mr. Stephens was Editor-in-Chief of the Jerusalem Post, a position he assumed at age 28. At the Jerusalem Post, he was responsible for the paper's news and editorial divisions. He also wrote a weekly column. He is the 2008 winner of the Eric Breindel Award for Excellence in Journalism. Mr. Stephens was educated at the University of Chicago and the London School of Economics.