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Testimonies by Juan Zarate

January 2018

Sanctions and Financial Pressure: Major National Security Tools

I have been privileged to serve in the U.S. government – at the U.S. Justice Department, the Treasury Department, and at the National Security Council – spending much of my time developing the tools, strategies, and institutions of economic statecraft since September 11th. Among other developments in this period, the establishment of the Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI) at the U.S. Treasury signaled the U.S. government’s recognition of the importance of Treasury’s tools and suasion, financial intelligence, and financial pressure campaigns in our national security architecture.

May 2017

Secondary Sanctions Against Chinese Institutions: Assessing their Utility for Constraining N. Korea

This is a timely and important hearing.  The international security challenge from North Korea has grown more dangerous and direct for the United States. The regime in Pyongyang remains intent on developing ballistic missile and nuclear capabilities that will allow it to reach and threaten the United States directly.

December 2016

The Future of Counter-Terrorism Strategy

This is an important moment to reflect on the state of the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and the lessons terrorist organizations have learned from it. More than fifteen years after 9/11, we face a more diverse and complicated global terrorism threat, with continued and quickening adaptations from groups like ISIS and al Qaida. With a new administration and Congress a few weeks away, this is also a critical moment to reflect on our own lessons learned and how the United States should shape its counter-terrorism strategy to defeat the persistent threat of violent Islamic extremism.

June 2016

The Next Terrorist Financiers: Stopping Them Before They Start

Chairman Fitzpatrick, Ranking Member Lynch, Vice Chairman Pittenger, and distinguished members of the Task Force to Investigate Terrorism Financing. I am honored to testify before you to discuss the evolving challenges and threats from terrorist and illicit financing. I am especially pleased to be testifying with former colleagues and distinguished experts in this field.

May 2016

Understanding the Role of Sanctions Under the Iran Deal

Chairman Shelby, Ranking Member Brown, and distinguished members of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, I am honored to be with you today to discuss the role and significance of sanctions in the Iran nuclear deal, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

Terrorism, Missiles and Corruption: The Risks of Economic Engagement with Iran

When the JCPOA was being debated, I expressed deep concerns and reservations about the structure, demands, and effects of the nuclear deal on U.S. interests, especially in anticipation of increased Iranian belligerence and adventurism.

August 2015

The Implications of Sanctions Relief Under the Iran Agreement

The question of a nuclear-armed Iran is a critical security issue for the United States, our allies, the broader Middle East, the global non-proliferation regime, and has serious
implications for the potential and future use of American power in all its forms.

July 2015

Sanctions and the JCPOA

Chairman Corker, Ranking Member Cardin, and distinguished members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, I am honored to testify before your Committee to discuss the sanctions implications of the recently announced Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the P5+1 and Iran. I am especially privileged to speak to the sanctions-related elements and dimensions of the JCPOA.

April 2015

A Survey of Global Terrorism and Terrorist Financing

This testimony before the Task Force to Investigate Terrorism Financing addresses the evolution of U.S. counter-terrorism finance policy and the challenges it faces moving forward.