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The Iran Deal: One Year Later | Foundation for Defense of Democracies
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The Iran Deal: One Year Later

The one-year mark for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action occurred on Thursday, July 14. Also known as The Iran Deal, the JCPOA was promoted by its supporters as a way to dismantle Iran’s nuclear weapons program while giving the regime “a chance to get right with the world," in the words of President Obama. As FDD experts predicted, neither has happened. In recent elections, hardliners cemented their hold on power. Within eight years, the Islamic Republic can legally start producing advanced centrifuges. And Iran’s human rights record has worsened since Hassan Rouhani was elected Iranian president. Meanwhile, the Islamic regime has been energetically trying to legitimize its financial sector despite a decades-long rap sheet of illicit financial activities, and it continues to use terrorism as a tool of its foreign policy.

FDD researchers conduct actionable policy research, participate in media appearances, and develop policy recommendations to counter the threat Iran represents to America and its allies.


The Iran Nuclear Agreement: One Year Later
Mark Dubowitz - Testimony for Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
As we mark the one-year anniversary of the announcement of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), it is worth recalling why this deal is fatally flawed...Read Full Testimony | Read Executive Summary (7/14/2016)

The Implications of U.S. Aircraft Sales to Iran
Mark Dubowitz - Testimony for House Financial Services
As we approach the one-year anniversary of the announcement of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), many of the concerns of those who opposed the deal have indeed come to pass: an increase in Iran’s malign activities, an Obama administration reluctant to use non-nuclear sanctions to punish and deter these activities, and an Iranian regime for whom the JCPOA was not the end of negotiations but merely the beginning...Read more (7/07/2016) 

The Implications of U.S. Aircraft Sales to Iran
Eric Lorber - Testimony for House Financial Services
As we approach the one-year anniversary of the signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (“JCPOA”) between Iran and the P5+1, it is as important as ever to carefully examine the consequences of that agreement and Iran’s continued destabilizing activities in the region, and to remain vigilant in ensuring that Iran is limited in its ability to support terrorist forces and corrupt the international financial system...Read more (7/07/2016)

Understanding the Role of Sanctions Under the Iran Deal
Mark Dubowitz - Testimony for Senate Committee on Banking, Houseing, and Urban Affairs
Iran is engaged in a robust effort to legitimize its financial sector despite a decades-long rap sheet of financial crimes and illicit financial activities that it shows no sign of curbing. Since the conclusion of the JPCOA, the Obama administration has missed numerous opportunities to push back against Iran’s legitimization campaign...Read more (5/23/2016)

Terrorism, Missiles and Corruption: The Risks of Economic Engagement with Iran
Mark Dubowitz - Testimony for House Committee on Foreign Affairs
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) provided Iran with a patient pathway to nuclear weapons capability by placing limited, temporary, and reversible constraints on Iran’s nuclear activities. The deal (as well as the interim agreement in place during the negotiations) provided Iran with substantial economic relief that helped Iran avoid a severe economic crisis and return to a modest recovery path...Read more (5/12/2016)


The Third Lebanon War
Tony Badran, Jonathan Schanzer, and David Daoud - FDD Press
In August 2015, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) released its first-ever public strategy paper, highlighting the complex challenges to Israel’s national security...Read more (7/18/2016)

Flying Above the Radar
Emanuele Ottolenghi, Annie Fixler, and Yaya J. Fanusie - FDD Press
With the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in January 2016, most international sanctions against Iran have been lifted. These include long-standing U.S. sanctions against Iran’s aviation sector...Read more (7/14/2016)

The Iran Deal’s Fatal Flaws After One Year: Emboldened Iran and Diminished American Deterrence 
Mark DubowitzAnnie Fixler FDD Press
As we mark the one-year anniversary of the announcement of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), it is worth recalling why this deal is fatally flawed...Read more (7/14/2016)


Risky Business in Iran: One Year Since the JCPOA
Mark DubowitzEric Lorber
In the year since the JCPOA, Iran has consistently worked on a campaign of legitimization, with increased demands of relief and access without changing its underlying behavior. Iran has sought access to the U.S. financial system and to dollarized transactions and has lobbied to be removed from the corruption and terror finance blacklist of the Financial Action Task Force. These are far beyond the terms of the JCPOA. The international business community is left on the sidelines looking for clarity...Watch here | Transcript here | Listen here (7/11/2016)

Policy Briefs 

Why Are These IRGC Figures Not Sanctioned?
Amir Toumaj - FDD Policy Brief
The White House promised Congress last summer that the Iran nuclear accord would not prevent the United States from imposing additional non-nuclear sanctions...Read more (7/12/2016)

Taxing American Businesses that Partner with Iran
Tyler Stapleton - FDD Policy Brief
On the eve of the Iran deal’s one-year anniversary, a new report by Germany’s domestic intelligence agency says that Iran sought illicit nuclear and missile technology in Germany throughout 2015, and was expected to continue doing so...Read more (7/11/2016)

Post-JCPOA, Iran Revs Up Nuclear, Missile Procurement in Germany
Benjamin Weinthal - FDD Policy Brief
On the eve of the Iran deal’s one-year anniversary, a new report by Germany’s domestic intelligence agency says that Iran sought illicit nuclear and missile technology in Germany throughout 2015, and was expected to continue doing so...Read more (7/11/2016) 

Uranium Particles at Parchin Indicate Possible Undeclared Iranian Nuclear Activities
Olli Heinonen - FDD Research
On December 2, 2015, the IAEA issued its assessment on past and present outstanding issues related to Iran’s nuclear program and its Possible Military Dimensions (PMD). Buried in a footnote is a crucial detail: the presence of man-made uranium particles at the Parchin military complex...Read more (7/01/2016)    


One year on, the Iran deal is still bad
Emanuele Ottolenghi, Annie Fixler - Jewish Journal
A decade of nuclear negotiations with Iran were meant to prevent Tehran from developing nuclear weapons, force Iran to reveal its past clandestine activities and impose permanent restrictions on Iran’s civil nuclear program...Read more (07/29/2016)

Will Iran wordsmith its way off our terrorism list? It certainly is trying
Toby Dershowitz, Saeed Ghasseminejad - The Hill
Iran is on a diplomatic offensive to persuade global illicit finance regulators to accept that Hezbollah is not a terrorist group...Read more (07/25/2016)

Defusing the Iran Deal’s Ticking Time Bomb
John Hannah - Foreign Policy
As it was in the beginning, so it remains one year on: The overriding danger of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or the Iran nuclear deal, is its provisions for automatically lifting the most important restrictions on Iran’s nuclear program by 2030. All the deal’s other shortcomings — of which there are many — largely pale in comparison...Read more (7/18/2016)

The Obama Administration Gambled On Tehran’s Moderation — And Failed
Saeed Ghasseminejad, Emanuele Ottolenghi - The Huffington Post
A year ago, the Obama administration made a gamble, striking a nuclear accord with Tehran that it hoped would transform its behavior, leading to a thaw in bilateral relations and a more stable Middle East. In the administration’s telling, the agreement would help loosen hardliners’ grip on power in favor of more moderate forces...Read more (7/14/2016)

Iran Deal Cannot Whitewash Regime’s Deplorable Human Rights Record
Mark Dubowitz - The Huffington Post
As we mark the one-year anniversary of the announcement of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) this week, the Iranian regime continues to repress its people...Read more (7/14/2016)

Can't Have It Both Ways in Iran
Reuel Marc Gerecht, Ray Takeyh - Foreign Affairs
As the U.S. campaign season wears on, both Republicans and Democrats are pledging to stay tough on Iran. Such promises aren’t new...Read more (7/13/2016)

Top Intel Official: Al Qaeda Worked on WMD in Iran
Thomas Joscelyn, Stephen F. Hayes - The Weekly Standard
Al Qaeda operatives based in Iran worked on chemical and biological weapons, according to a letter written to Osama bin Laden that is described in a new book by a top former U.S. intelligence official...Read more (7/12/2016) 

The Boeing Sale to Iran Runs Into Turbulence
Emanuele OttolenghiMark Dubowitz - The Wall Street Journal
No wonder the House moved last week to try to block Boeing’s tentative agreement to sell 80 passenger jets to Iran’s government-owned airline, Iran Air. Congress is rightly concerned about what could be a $25 billion deal with an Iranian aviation industry that has been complicit in Iran’s weapons proliferation and support for terrorism...Read more (7/12/2016)

Obama’s Iran experiment
Clifford D. May - The Washington Times
A hypothetical question: Suppose the Islamic State wanted to buy some American airplanes, and promised not to use them to support terrorists. Would you be OK with that? I’m guessing not...Read more (7/12/2016) 

Opinion: Why Boeing shouldn’t do business with Iran 
Jonathan SchanzerAmir Toumaj - MarketWatch
A little more than a year ago, it would have been unthinkable for major U.S. corporations to do business with the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism. Yet, here we are. With the signing of last year’s Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action nuclear deal, businesses are lining up to work with the Islamic Republic of Iran...Read more (7/12/2016) 

Iran sought chemical and biological weapons in 2015, says German intel
Benjamin Weinthal - Fox News
Iran aggressively pursued biological and chemical weapons technology even as it negotiated an international deal to drop its nuclear program, according to a German intelligence report that followed a similar finding the Islamic Republic sought nuclear materials...Read more (7/11/2016)

German intel report charges Iran seeking illegal nuke, missile tech
Benjamin Weinthal - Fox News
With the ink barely dry on the deal between the U.S. and Iran to prevent the Islamic Republic from securing nuclear weapons, a new German intelligence document charges that Iran continues to flout the agreement...Read more (7/07/2016)

Germany’s Merkel says Iran violating UN missile regulations
Benjamin Weinthal - The Jerusalem Post 
German Chancellor Angela Merkel stated on Thursday that Iran has run afoul of UN Security Council regulations to stop its illicit military rocket program. Her comments follow a startling report from Germany’s domestic intelligence agency, which stated in its late June report that Iran has continued to seek illegal nuclear technology...Read more (7/07/2016)

Now Is Not The Time To Lift Sanctions On Iran 
Mark DubowitzAnnie Fixler - The Huffington Post
The Islamic Republic of Iran is energetically trying to legitimize its financial sector despite a decades-long rap sheet of illicit financial activities. Since the conclusion of the nuclear deal, also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the White House has missed numerous opportunities to issue sanctions against Iran's ongoing illicit activity...Read more (6/30/2016) 

Risky Business in Iran
Mark DubowitzToby Dershowitz - Forbes
The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the intergovernmental organization that sets global standards to combat money laundering and finance for terrorism and proliferation, had a clear message for financial institutions last week when it declined to remove the Islamic Republic of Iran from its high-risk blacklist: Iran may say it’s open for business but it’s not yet safe to do it...Read more (06/28/2016)

The Obama Administration Needs to Stand Strong on Iran Sanctions
Mark DubowitzAnnie Fixler - Foreign Policy
Iran's demands are escalating. The supreme leader is sounding the alarm about American mendacity. An anxious U.S. secretary of state is practically begging companies to return to Iran. Cautious banking executives and a distrustful and angry Congress are pushing back...Read more (6/16/2016) 

In The News 

Inside the Plan to Undo the Iran Nuclear Deal
Mark DubowitzQuoted by Indira Lakshmanan – Politico Magazine
For Barack Obama, July 14, 2015 marked the greatest diplomatic triumph of his presidency: Amid flags and flashbulbs in Vienna, his secretary of State, John Kerry, announced a historic, UN-backed nuclear accord to defuse the global security threat of a nuclear-armed Iran…Read more (7/15/2016)

Iran nuclear deal at anniversary not the rallying cry GOP sought
Mark DubowitzQuoted by Ryan Browne – CNN
In the months leading up to the signing of the Iran nuclear deal one year ago Thursday, Republican critics galvanized opposition to push back against the agreement…Read more (7/15/2016)

One Year After Iran Nuclear Deal, Sides Remain Compliant but Wary 
Mark DubowitzQuoted by Chris Hannas – Voice of America
One year ago, exhausted diplomats from Iran and a group of six world powers emerged from a meeting at a luxury hotel in Vienna, Austria with what they had been seeking for nearly two years: a comprehensive agreement limiting Iran's nuclear program in exchange for lifting harsh economic sanctions…Read more (7/14/2016)

One year on, Obama’s Iran nuclear deal still hangs in the balance
Mark DubowitzQuoted by Howard LaFranchi – The Christian Science Monitor
Like the opening to Cuba, the Iran nuclear deal is a landmark initiative that President Obama wants to safeguard, not just as part of his legacy of engagement with adversaries but also as established United States foreign policy...Read more (7/14/2016)

A year later, Iran nuclear deal is holding but fragile
Mark DubowitzQuoted by Bradley Klapper – Associated Press
The Iran nuclear accord is fragile at its one-year anniversary...Read more (7/13/2016)

One year later, Iran obeying nuclear deal, despite early doubts 
Mark Dubowitz Quoted by Teresa Welsh – McClatchy DC
One year after major world powers reached a historic nuclear deal with Iran, that country has largely kept up its end of the bargain but Tehran has complained it has not experienced the financial boost it hoped to receive...Read more (7/13/2016)

Year after nuclear deal, 6 ways Iran is more assertive
Mark Dubowitz – Quoted by Oren Dorell – USA Today
One year after Iran and world powers reached a historic nuclear accord, a potential showdown was averted and Iran’s economy is in recovery, but its hardliners continue to expand their anti-American agenda…Read more (7/13/2016) 

Assessing the Iran nuclear deal one year after it was reached
Mark DubowitzQuoted by Carol Morello – The Washington Post
Shortly after the Iran nuclear deal was reached last year, President Obama swung by the State Department to personally thank the negotiators…Read more (7/13/2016)

Truth Catches the Iran Deal
Mark DubowitzQuoted by Bret Stephens – The Wall Street Journal 
What diplomats call the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action—known to the rest of us as the Disastrous Iran Deal—was agreed in Vienna a year ago this week. Now comes a status update, courtesy of our friends at the Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz, or BfV…Read more (7/11/2016)

Report: Iran Sought Weapons Technology From Germany
Benjamin Weinthal – Quoted by Michael Warren – The Weekly Standard
The Iran government tried to obtain nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons technology from German companies, according to a new report from the Jerusalem Post…Read more (7/09/2016) 

Boeing’s Agreement With Iran Comes Under Congressional Scrutiny
Mark Dubowitz – Quoted by Kambiz Foroohar – Bloomberg
Boeing Co.’s historic agreement to provide 109 aircraft to Iran’s national airline is coming under increasing pressure from lawmakers in Washington…Read more (7/09/2016) 

Keep Up the Pressure on Iran
Mark Dubowitz – Quoted by Adam Ereli – Foreign Policy
One year into the life of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the international agreement that dismantled Iran’s nuclear program, the best hopes and worst fears of the deal’s advocates and critics have failed to materialize…Read more (7/07/2016) 

House panel aiming to halt Boeing’s sale of jets to Iran
Mark Dubowitz – Quoted by Vicki Needham – The Hill
A House subcommittee on Thursday will debate three bill aimed at halting Boeing’s sale of passenger jets to Iran…Read more (7/06/2016)

Iran and its Protégées
Jonathan SchanzerTony Badran – Quoted by Raymond Tanter – Foreign Policy
What if we understood al Qaeda and the Islamic State as protégées of Iran, rather than merely its rivals? At first glance, this might seem outlandish, given that al Qaeda and the Islamic State are Sunni militant groups while Iran is a Shiite theocracy, and each nominally regards the others as theological apostates…Read more (7/06/2016)


The John Batchelor Show
Mark Dubowitz - Syndicated
FDD Executive Director Mark Dubowitz joined The John Batchelor Show to discuss Iran and the JCPOA...Listen here (7/14/2016) 

Mornings on the Mall
Clifford D. May - WMAL
FDD Founder & President Clifford D. May discusses the one year mark of the Iran deal...Listen here (7/14/2016) 

Opinion Journal
Mark DubowitzWSJ Video
FDD Executive Director Mark Dubowitz discusses the Boeing-Iran deal...Watch here (7/13/2016)